Erika Mann

Erika Mann (Erika Julia Hedwig Mann, 1905 – 1969) was a German writer and actress. Born in Munich, she was the eldest daughter of the German novelist Thomas Mann. From 1912 to 1914, she attended the private school Ebermayerschule,  followed by almost a year at the Bogenhausen Volksschule. From 1915 to 1920, Erika attended the Höhere Mädchenschule am St….

Vernon Lee

Vernon Lee (pseudonym of Violet Paget, 1856 – 1935) was a British writer. Born in France to cosmopolitan British parents, she lived most of her life in Italy. Vernon Lee maintained an androgynous appearance and adopted a masculine pseudonym for her publications. She was a feminist and a fervent pacifist, and had long-term love relationships with Mary Robinson, Clementina Anstruther-Thomson,…

Amy Dillwyn

Amy Dillwyn (Elizabeth Amy Dillwyn, 1845 – 1935) was a Welsh writer. Inspired in part by George Eliot’s Middlemarch, Dillwyn became a feminist writer, and wrote some of the first lesbian novels. In private, Dillwyn wrote of being in love with Olive Talbot, whom she called her ‘wife’ in her journals. She was a strong supporter of the cause of…

Selma Lagerlöf

Selma Lagerlöf (Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf, 20 November 1858 – 16 March 1940) was a Swedish writer. She received her education at home and later, against her father’s will, completed her studies to become a teacher at the Royal Women’s Teaching Academy in Stockholm. She then worked as a schoolteacher at a high school for girls, from 1885 to…

Ricardo Domeneck

Ricardo Domeneck (1977) is a Brazilian writer, performer, and visual artist. He studied Philosophy at the Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), but later dropped out and joined a theatre group. He now lives in Berlin, and is one of the co-founders of the a collective of artists  “Kute Bash”. Domeneck is also the co-editor of the Brazilian poetry…

Alejandra Pizarnik

Alejandra Pizarnik (April 29, 1936 – September 25, 1972) was an Argentine writer. She studied literature and philosophy at the University of Buenos Aires, but never completed her studies. Between 1960 and 1964, she lived in Paris, where she worked for the magazine Cuadernos and studied History of Religion and French Literature at the Sorbonne. She was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1968…

Carole Maso

Carole Maso (1956) is a contemporary American writer. She has a B.A. in English from Vassar College, and is a professor of literary arts at Brown University since 1995. She lives with her partner, Helen Lang. Awards Lambda Literary Award for Lesbian Biography/Autobiography (2001) for The Room Lit by Roses Books Novels Ghost Dance, 1986 The Art Lover, 1990 Ava, 1993…

Carol Bensimon

Carol Bensimon (August 22, 1982) is a Brazilian writer. She graduated in Advertising at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), and earned a master’s degree in Literary Theory from the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio  Grande do Sul (PUC-RS). She works as a literary translator, and writes regularly for the ‘Blog da Companhia’. Awards She was selected by Granta as…

Angélica Freitas

Angélica Freitas (1973) is a Brazilian poet.  Freitas has a degree in journalism from the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), and she worked as a reporter for the newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo. She works as a translator, and co-edits the poetry journal Modo de usar & Co.  Awards Programa Petrobras Cultural…

George Sand

George Sand (née Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin, 1 July 1804 – 8 June 1876) was a French writer. Raised by her grandmother, Sand got married in 1822 and had two children. In 1831, she left her husband, and legally separated from him five years later. She had love affairs with Prosper Mérimée, Alfred de Musset, Pierre-François Bocage, Frédéric Chopin, and the actress Marie…

May Swenson

May Swenson (Anna Thilda May “May” Swenson, 28 May 1913 – 4 December 1989) was an American writer. Born in the United States to Swedish immigrant parents, she grew up in a Mormon household, and English was her second language. She earned a bachelor’s degree from Utah State University. From 1959 to 1966, she worked as manuscript reviewer at New Directions Press. She taught poetry…

Iris Murdoch

Iris Murdoch (Jean Iris Murdoch, 15 July 1919 – 8 February 1999) was an  Anglo-Irish novelist and philosopher. Murdoch studied classics at Somerville College, Oxford. She was awarded a first-class honours degree in 1942. She went into the civil service and was assistant principal in the Treasury from 1942 to 1944. From 1944 to 1946, she worked with refugees…

Willa Cather

Willa Sibert Cather (December 7, 1873– April 24, 1947) was an American write. She graduated from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and, in 1896, moved to Pittsburgh to work for the women’s magazine Home Monthly. She also worked as high school English teacher, as drama critic for the Pittsburgh Leader, and as contributor of poetry and short…

Jane Welsh Carlyle

Jane Welsh Carlyle (née Jane Baillie Welsh, 14 January 1801 – 21 April 1866) was a Scottish letter writer. As a child, she was given private tuition at home, and later attended a school in Edinburgh. In 1826, she married the essayist Thomas Carlyle. From 1840 until her death in 1866, Jane had a long lasting relationship with fellow writer…

Sylvia Townsend Warner

Sylvia Townsend Warner (6 December 1893 – 1 May 1978) was an English writer. She was home-schooled by her father. At the outbreak of World War I, she moved to London and worked in a munitions factory. During the rise of fascism, Warner campaigned on behalf of the Communist Party. She published novels, poetry, and short-stories. She was also a musicologist, and…

Mary Renault

Mary Renault (born Eileen Mary Challans, 4 September 1905 – 13 December 1983) was an English writer. Renault received an undergraduate degree in English from St Hugh’s College, Oxford, in 1928. She then trained as a nurse at the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford, where she met her lifelong partner, the nurse Julie Mullard. Renault worked as a nurse until…

Al Berto

Al Berto (Alberto Raposo Pidwell Tavares, January 11, 1948 – June 13, 1997) was a Portuguese poet. Born in Coimbra, he moved to Brussels in 1967, where he studied painting at the École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture et des Arts Visuels.  In1975, he returned to Portugal, and opened a bookstore and a publishing house. In 1988, he received…

Patricia Highsmith

Patricia Highsmith (born Mary Patricia Plangman, January 19, 1921 – February 4, 1995) was an American writer. Highsmith attended Julia Richman High School in New York City, and published her first stories in the school’s magazine. In 1938, she began her studies at Barnard College, where she studied English composition, playwriting, and the short story,…