Amy Dillwyn

Amy Dillwyn (Elizabeth Amy Dillwyn, 1845 – 1935) was a Welsh writer. Inspired in part by George Eliot’s Middlemarch, Dillwyn became a feminist writer, and wrote some of the first lesbian novels. In private, Dillwyn wrote of being in love with Olive Talbot, whom she called her ‘wife’ in her journals. She was a strong supporter of the cause of…

Nadezhda Khvoshchinskaya

Nadezhda Khvoshchinskaya (Nadezhda Dmitryevna Khvoshchinskaya/ Надежда Дмитриевна Хвощинская, May 20, 1824 – June 8, 1889), was a Russian writer. Nadezhda received most of their education at home from private tutors. She wrote under the pseudonym V. Krestovsky, and formed a productive literary partnership with her sister, the writer Sofia Khvoshchinskaya. The two published fiction and translated books to support…

G. B. Stern

G. B. Stern (Gladys Bronwyn Stern, born Gladys Bertha Stern, 17 June 1890 – 20 September 1973) was an English writer. She was schooled in England until the age of 16, when she traveled with her parents to the continent and studied in Germany and Switzerland. She was a long-time friend of Rebecca West. Born in a liberal…

Anna Banti

Anna Banti (nom de plume of Lucia Lopresti, 1895 – 1985) was an Italian writer. She studied literature and history at the University of Rome and at the University of Bologna. Along with her husband, she founded and edited the art magazine Paragone. She worked as translator, literary and art critic. Books In English Artemisia,tr. Shirley D’Ardia Caracciol (2003. Original: Artemisia, 1947) A…

George Sand

George Sand (née Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin, 1 July 1804 – 8 June 1876) was a French writer. Raised by her grandmother, Sand got married in 1822 and had two children. In 1831, she left her husband, and legally separated from him five years later. She had love affairs with Prosper Mérimée, Alfred de Musset, Pierre-François Bocage, Frédéric Chopin, and the actress Marie…

Dorothy Canfield Fisher

Dorothy Canfield Fisher (née Dorothea Frances Canfield, February 17, 1879 – November 9, 1958) was an American writer and social activist, named by Eleanor Roosevelt one of the ten most influential women in the United States. She received a B.A. from Ohio State University, and earned a PhD in Romance languages from Columbia University. Later, she received honorary degrees from Dartmouth College,…

Aline Murray Kilmer

Aline Murray Kilmer (August 1, 1888 – October 1, 1941) was an American poet and essayist. She attended the Rutgers College Grammar School in New Brunswick, New Jersey, and graduated from the Vail-Deane School in Elizabeth, New Jersey. After her husband’s death in World War I, she began publishing her own books. Books Poetry Candles That Burn (1919) Vigils (1921) Shards (poem) To Sappho, About Her Apple (poem)…

Elizabeth Anna Hart

Elizabeth Anna Hart (née Smedley, 1822-1890) was an English writer,  also known as Fanny Wheeler Hart. Books Try, and you Will: a Story for Youth, 1859 Mrs. Jerningham’s Journal, 1869 The Runaway: a Story for the Young (1872) A Very Young Couple, 1873 Paws and Claws: Being True Stories of Clever Creatures, Tame and Wild, 1874 Miss Hitchcock’s…

Jean Rhys

Jean Rhys (born Ella Gwendolyn Rees Williams, 24 August 1890 – 14 May 1979) was a British-Dominican writer. She was born and grew up in Dominica, and moved to England when she was 16. Her father was Welsh and her mother was Dominican (with Scots ancestry). Jean Rhys studied at the Perse School for Girls in…

Jane Welsh Carlyle

Jane Welsh Carlyle (née Jane Baillie Welsh, 14 January 1801 – 21 April 1866) was a Scottish letter writer. As a child, she was given private tuition at home, and later attended a school in Edinburgh. In 1826, she married the essayist Thomas Carlyle. From 1840 until her death in 1866, Jane had a long lasting relationship with fellow writer…

Barbara Pym

Barbara Mary Crampton Pym (2 June 1913 – 11 January 1980) was an English writer. She studied at Queen’s Park School, in Oswestry, and attended Huyton College, near Liverpool. She then studied English at St Hilda’s College, Oxford. During World War II, Pym served in the Women’s Royal Naval Service. After the war, she worked at the International African Institute in London,…

Margaret Oliphant

Margaret Oliphant Wilson Oliphant (born Margaret Oliphant Wilson, 4 April 1828 – 25 June 1897) was a Scottish writer. In 1851, she was invited by the publisher William Blackwood to contribute to the famous Blackwood’s Magazine. In 1852, she married her cousin, Frank Wilson Oliphant. Three of their six children died in infancy; her husband later developed symptoms of tuberculosis, and died in…

Florence Marryat

Florence Marryat (9 July 1833 – 27 October 1899) was a British writer. She was privately educated. After her marriage to an officer of the British Army, she travelled extensively through India, and returned alone to England in 1860. The couple had eight children. In the 1870’s, Florence lived together with a Colonel of the Royal Marine Light…

Louise Bogan

Louise Bogan (August 11, 1897 – February 4, 1970) was an American poet. She attended the Girls’ Latin School in Boston, and later entered Boston University. After her freshman year,  she won a scholarship to Radcliffe, but decided to leave university to marry in 1916. The couple had a daughter, but separated in 1918. Bogan went to New York to pursue…

Barbara Comyns

Barbara Comyns (Barbara Irene Veronica Comyns Carr, 1907 – 1992) was an English writer. She attended art school in Stratford-upon-Avon, and later moved to London to attend Heatherley School of Fine Art. She had various jobs (dealing in antiques, breeding dogs, drawing for commercial advertisements, cooking in a country house), and began to write professionally in the 1940’s….

Sofia Khvoshchinskaya

Sofia Khvoshchinskaya (Софья Дмитриевна Хвощинская, 1824–1865) was a Russian writer, translator and painter. She studied at St. Catherine Moscow Institute. Sofia published fiction and social commentary, and wrote under the pseudonym Ivan Vesenev. Books City Folk and Country Folk, tr.  Nora Seligman Favorov, 2017 (Городские и деревенские, 1863)  

Monica Dickens

Monica Enid Dickens (10 May 1915 – 25 December 1992) was an English writer. After being expelled from St Paul’s Girls’ School, in London, she went into domestic service, and worked as cook and general servant. She then worked as a nurse and in an aircraft factory. Later, she became a regular columnist for the local newspaper Hertfordshire Express and for the British…

Ethel Wilson

Ethel Davis Wilson (née Bryant. January 20, 1888 – December 22, 1980) was a Canadian writer. Born in South Africa, she moved to England in 1890 after the death of her mother, and soon after, in 1898, she was taken to Canada, after the death of her father, to live with her maternal grandmother. She received a teacher’s…