Sophie Scholl

Sophia Magdalena Scholl (9 May 1921 – 22 February 1943) was a German student, anti-Nazi dissident, and activist. When she was a teenager, she enlisted in the Hitler youth organization, as did most of her classmates. However, her initial enthusiasm gradually gave way to criticism, as she and her brother Hans began to feel the stifling effects of…

Birgit Vanderbeke

Birgit Vanderbeke (1956) is a German writer. Born in the DDR, she moved with her family to West Germany, in 1961. Vanderbeke studied Law, Germanic and Romance languages in Frankfurt am Main. She lives in France since 1993. Awards Ingeborg-Bachmann-Preis (1990) for “Das Muschelessen” (1990) Hans Fallada Prize (2002) Shortlisted for the Independent Foreign Fiction Prize (2014) for The…

Erika Mann

Erika Mann (Erika Julia Hedwig Mann, 1905 – 1969) was a German writer and actress. Born in Munich, she was the eldest daughter of the German novelist Thomas Mann. From 1912 to 1914, she attended the private school Ebermayerschule,  followed by almost a year at the Bogenhausen Volksschule. From 1915 to 1920, Erika attended the Höhere Mädchenschule am St….

Carlos Drummond de Andrade

Carlos Drummond de Andrade (October 31, 1902 – August 17, 1987) was a Brazilian writer. He studied Pharmacy at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, in Belo Horizonte, but never worked as a pharmacist. He was a civil servant for most of his life. Books In English In the Middle of the Road – Selected Poems, translated by John…

Hélio Pellegrino

Hélio Pellegrino (1924 — 1988) was a Brazilian writer and psychoanalyst. He studied Medicine at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, and wrote for several literary supplements. He was friends with the writers Fernando Sabino, Paulo Mendes Campos, Otto Lara Resende and Nelson Rodrigues. Books A Burrice do demônio (1988) Minérios domados (1993) Lucidez Embriagada (2004) Fire in the night

Vernon Lee

Vernon Lee (pseudonym of Violet Paget, 1856 – 1935) was a British writer. Born in France to cosmopolitan British parents, she lived most of her life in Italy. Vernon Lee maintained an androgynous appearance and adopted a masculine pseudonym for her publications. She was a feminist and a fervent pacifist, and had long-term love relationships with Mary Robinson, Clementina Anstruther-Thomson,…

Elizabeth Gaskell

Elizabeth Gaskell (Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell, née Stevenson; 1810 – 1865) was an English writer. After her mother’s death, one-year-old Gaskell was sent to live with her aunt. Encouraged by her father, she received a traditional education in classics and arts, and later attended the Avonbank School in Stratford-on-Avon. In 1832, Gaskell married a Unitarian minister, with whom she had six children. Her…

Amy Dillwyn

Amy Dillwyn (Elizabeth Amy Dillwyn, 1845 – 1935) was a Welsh writer. Inspired in part by George Eliot’s Middlemarch, Dillwyn became a feminist writer, and wrote some of the first lesbian novels. In private, Dillwyn wrote of being in love with Olive Talbot, whom she called her ‘wife’ in her journals. She was a strong supporter of the cause of…

Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen

Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (November 6, 1919 – July 2, 2004) was a Portuguese writer. Born to a wealthy family, she studied  Classical Philology at the Universidade de Lisboa. Sophia was actively involved in Catholic movements, and openly oposed Salazar’s dictatorship.  She had five children, one of whom is the writer Miguel Sousa Tavares. A documentary about…

Nadezhda Khvoshchinskaya

Nadezhda Khvoshchinskaya (Nadezhda Dmitryevna Khvoshchinskaya/ Надежда Дмитриевна Хвощинская, May 20, 1824 – June 8, 1889), was a Russian writer. Nadezhda received most of their education at home from private tutors. She wrote under the pseudonym V. Krestovsky, and formed a productive literary partnership with her sister, the writer Sofia Khvoshchinskaya. The two published fiction and translated books to support…

Doris Kareva

Doris Kareva (1958) is an Estonian writer. She studied Roman-Germanic philology at the University of Tartu, and worked as the literary editor of the cultural weekly Sirp. From 1992 to 2008, Kareva has served as Secretary General of the Estonian National Commission for UNESCO. Currently, she is an editor for the literary journal Looming, and works as a translator. Books In…

Nora Ikstena

Nora Ikstena (1969) is a Latvian writer. She studied Philology at the University of Latvia, and English literature at Columbia University. She is a co-founder of the International Writers and Translators’ House in Ventspils. Awards Baltic Assembly Prize in literature Books In English Life Stories, tr.  Margita Gailitis (2013. Original: Dzīves stāsti, 2004) Soviet Milk, tr.  Margita…

Laura Sintija Černiauskaitė

Laura Sintija Černiauskaitė (1976) is a Lithuanian writer. She studied Lithuanian literature and philology at Vilnius University, and worked as freelance journalist. Since 2004, she is a member of the Lithuanian Writers’ Union. Awards EU Prize for Literature in 2009 for her novel Kvėpavimas į marmurą (2006. In English: Breathing into Marble, tr. Marija Marcinkute, 2016) Books In English Breathing into Marble, tr. Marija Marcinkute,…

Julián Herbert

Julián Herbert (1971) is a Mexican writer. He studied Spanish literature at the Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila. He works as a lecturer and musician, and was the vocalist of the rock bands Los Tigres de Borges and Madrastras. Awards Premio Nacional de Literatura Gilberto Owen (2003) Presea Manuel Acuña (2004) Premio Nacional de Cuento Juan José Arreola (2006) Premio Nacional de Cuento Agustín Yáñez (2008)…

Selma Lagerlöf

Selma Lagerlöf (Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf, 20 November 1858 – 16 March 1940) was a Swedish writer. She received her education at home and later, against her father’s will, completed her studies to become a teacher at the Royal Women’s Teaching Academy in Stockholm. She then worked as a schoolteacher at a high school for girls, from 1885 to…

Olga Tokarczuk

Olga Tokarczuk (1962) is a Polish writer. She studied Psychology at the University of Warsaw, and later worked as therapist. She now runs the small publishing company Ruta. Awards Nike Award (2008) for Flights, tr. Jennifer Croft (2017. Original: Bieguni, 2007) Nike Award (2015) for Księgi jakubowe (The Books of Jacob) Brückepreis (2015) for the promotion of peace, democratic development and mutual understanding in Europe Man Booker International Prize…

Hilda Hilst

Hilda Hilst (Hilda de Almeida Prado Hilst, April 21, 1930—February 4th, 2004) was a Brazilian writer. She studied Law at the University of São Paulo (USP). There, she met her lifelong friend, the Brazilian writer Lygia Fagundes Telles. In 1966, she moved into a house at the contryside, near Campinas, where she lived secluded for the…

G. B. Stern

G. B. Stern (Gladys Bronwyn Stern, born Gladys Bertha Stern, 17 June 1890 – 20 September 1973) was an English writer. She was schooled in England until the age of 16, when she traveled with her parents to the continent and studied in Germany and Switzerland. She was a long-time friend of Rebecca West. Born in a liberal…